Albert Einstein’s life and contributions to science are truly captivating. A brilliant, creative genius, he revolutionized how we think about space and time.
In addition to his remarkable physics and mathematical prowess, he also displayed humility, kindness, and patience – qualities which served him well in overcoming many difficulties along the way.
Born in Ulm
Albert Einstein was born on 14 March 1879 in Ulm, Germany to Hermann and Pauline Einstein – a middle-class Jewish family that moved to Munich after 1880.
His father began as a featherbed salesman but eventually established an electrochemical manufacturing base that proved successful. His mother, of mixed-race Jewish descent, stayed home with the children and taught them about discipline, honesty, knowledge, and religion.
At five, Albert developed an interest in science. He noticed the invisible forces that cause a pocket compass to point north and began looking for similar patterns elsewhere in life.
He was naturally drawn to the violin, which he played with great skill and flair. Encouraged by his mother, he took lessons and eventually had the opportunity to perform Mozart’s violin sonatas at age thirteen.
Albert had become self-taught in math and sciences by the time he reached adolescence. However, despite this success, Albert still decided to attend the Federal Polytechnic Institute in Zurich where he began preparation for teaching mathematics and physics courses.
Once his studies were complete, he was granted Swiss citizenship in 1901 and published “The Theory of Relativity,” an influential theory that demonstrated how gravity affects space and time.
The theory suggested that if light from one point in space is deflected by gravity, it will continue to move at its original speed in the opposite direction. If true, this discovery has profound ramifications for our understanding of the universe.
In 1921, Albert was awarded the Nobel Prize for his contributions to physics. His most renowned discoveries included the photoelectric effect, a law that states light can be altered by electrical charges present, and his theory of relativity.
When visiting Ulm, don’t miss a stop at its iconic Metzgerturm – a timber-framed house described as “almost tilting in the wrong direction.” This building features an iconic astronomical clock that displays your zodiac sign, moon phase, and dates; additionally, there are intricate murals depicting virtues, commandments, and vices.
Moved to Italy
Albert Einstein was a renowned physicist renowned for his contributions to science. He made numerous important breakthroughs in physics and was widely regarded as the greatest scientist of the 20th century.
He was born in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1879, to a Jewish family and was nurtured with an enthusiasm for science. Growing up in such an inspiring environment fostered his interest in research and science-related fields.
At an early age, he became fascinated with various aspects of physics and developed an intense curiosity to learn more. He had a burning desire to master its theories and concepts, as well as investigate nature’s various activities to uncover their causes.
At fifteen, his father had no choice but to move his family to Italy in search of business opportunities. They settled first in Pavia and later Milan, where he completed his studies and began working.
Unfortunately, his work in Italy didn’t provide him with the financial security he desired. Unfortunately, his featherbed shop failed and eventually, the family had to relocate back to Germany where he began his career in electrical engineering.
Though he was initially unsuccessful in his initial attempt to enter the Gymnasium of Zurich, he eventually gained acceptance into a polytechnic and earned his degree there. Subsequently, he began teaching physics and maths classes.
His propensity towards self-learning and inability to focus in the classroom was evident even at a young age. While in school, he would frequently rebel against the system of rote learning; even going so far as to circulate a petition against his teacher which proved unsuccessful in helping him improve his grades.
He became disenchanted with school and decided to quit. To cover up his illness, a doctor wrote him a note indicating that he was experiencing “neurasthenic exhaustion.”
After this, the boy’s parents sold their business in Munich and relocated to Italy. They expected that he would finish schooling at a boarding house before joining them in Pavia; however, the young man had other plans.
Worked at the Patent Office
Albert Einstein is one of history’s most renowned figures, and Time magazine named him “Person of the Century” in 1999. However, there are many layers to his life beyond science that many may not know about.
Einstein was not only a renowned scientist, but an inventive inventor as well. He co-created several inventions with Leo Szilard such as a refrigeration system and a sound reproduction system. Furthermore, Einstein developed cameras and machines capable of measuring light speed.
As a young boy, Einstein worked in his father’s electrical-machinery factory in Munich. This exposure to machinery and invention gave him valuable insight into how his mind worked, providing him with an intimate knowledge of these topics.
As an engineer, Einstein acquired valuable skills such as patent evaluation and intimate knowledge of machines and instruments. These science lessons would later guide his subsequent discoveries.
He also gained insight into the subtleties of patent law, making him a valuable expert witness in legal cases. Ultimately, this experience informed his theoretical work and contributed to the development of his Theory of Relativity.
His job at the Patent Office may not seem like a particularly inspiring or prestigious one, but it did grant him considerable freedom to explore creative endeavors. It was during this period that he discovered relativity – leading to his breakthroughs in physics as well as other notable inventions.
Though it is reasonable to suggest the Patent Office was influential in his discoveries, it remains uncertain how much this role contributed. It’s possible his time as a patent examiner wasn’t necessary for him to come up with some of modern science’s most important and innovative concepts; however, other influences could also have been at work here.
Einstein’s groundbreaking Theory of Relativity, first published in 1905 in Annalen der Physik, revolutionized science and how we view our environment. To this day it remains one of the most influential theories in modern physics and continues to be studied and discussed.
Albert Einstein was an extraordinary genius who had a lasting effect on science. His theories of relativity revolutionized our conceptions of spacetime, matter, and energy; furthermore, he made significant contributions to mathematics and astronomy as well.
As a child, Einstein was enamored with math and science. His curiosity allowed him to learn at an incredible rate; eventually mastering calculus to become one of the greatest mathematicians in history.
After graduating from school, Einstein moved to Switzerland and studied at the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. Upon his return, he taught at the University of Berlin and was elected a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. Additionally, he took up a position at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.
For much of his life, Einstein challenged traditional beliefs and authority. This had a lasting effect on the field of physics, with his ideas still considered some of the most influential ever created.
He was an enthusiastic religious man, passionate about studying the Bible and crafting songs in praise of God. However, his devotion to Scripture soon faded when he discovered how fascinating science and math could be; these disciplines seemed more real than timeless tales from ancient cultures.
He was a devout Christian, yet never followed the traditions and doctrine of his culture and religion in the same sense as other believers. Instead, he continually questioned its orthodoxy and traditions.
He also opposed the German educational system. He believed that its rote learning and martinet teachers were detrimental to young minds, and feared it discouraged innovation and creativity.
Although he did not need to work in the physics department, much of his free time was spent teaching the subject. To avoid angering students or instructors, he had to exercise great care as this could interfere with his research efforts.
He remained friendly and approachable, being well-liked by his students. An intelligent man, he took pride in his accomplishments.